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How to recognize a stroke: causes and prevent techniques to follow

Stroke – Causes and Prevention: How to recognize the sign of stroke disease has now become a topical issue, hence the need to know its causes and prevention steps to follow is inevitable as one age by. This happen to someone close to me so I had to make a research on the subject matter and ask you to read and now the full details about it.How to recognize a stroke: causes and prevent techniques to follow

 According to The World Health Organization, a stroke is in third place on the list of the deadliest diseases and disorders. Unfortunately, most strokes aren’t even noticed until it’s too late.

Doctors identify two types of strokes: a hemorrhagic stroke and an ischemic stroke caused by a vessel blockage. An ischemic stroke can have no distinct symptoms and can easily go unnoticed.

According to statistics, 80% of strokes are of the ischemic type. 37% of these stroke patients die, 31% of those who had a stroke need constant care, and 20% can’t walk on their own afterward

What happens during a stroke?

The most common reason for an ischemic stroke is a clot or a spasm that blocks the blood flow in a certain part of the brain. The tissue around the clotted vessel swells and the space in the skull is limited. The intracranial pressure increases and a headache appears.

The entire brain suffers from the high pressure. During the stroke, one’s arms and legs can stop moving, a person might lose their coordination or the ability to hear or speak. In some cases, even hallucinations are possible.

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After some time, the blood flows into the neighboring arteries and veins, and the swelling disappears along with the headache. However, the nervous system takes a lot of time to recover. Some of its functions might disappear completely.

In cases of a very mild stroke, the memories of yesterday or the events that happened 10 years ago disappear. In more serious situations, the person becomes disabled.

How to recognize a stroke: causes and prevent techniques to follow

But if the stroke is recognized on time, there is a good chance that damage could be prevented.

Symptoms of an ischemic stroke

  • Sudden numbness or weakness on the face, in the leg or arm — especially on one side of the body
  • Confusion, the inability to speak or understand
  • Problems with one or both eyes
  • Difficulties walking, dizziness, loss of coordination
  • A severe headache that appears suddenly without reason

There may be no difference in symptoms between the 2 types of strokes, but either way, the wrong approach in treatment can kill the patient. That’s why it’s very important to call a doctor immediately to be diagnosed correctly.

Other symptoms that require you to visit a doctor.

  • A headache that leads to vomiting or the loss of a sense of direction
  • The tenseness of muscles in the back of the head
  • Vomiting
  • Darkening of the eyes
  • Looking at one spot for a long time for no reason

These signs may indicate a stroke or other health problems.


What you should do if you suspect someone is having an ischemic stroke

  • Ask the person to smile. Check if one side of the face looks strange.
  • Ask the person to raise both arms. Check if one of the arms is on the same level as the other.
  • Ask the person to repeat a simple sentence or poem. Check if the person pronounces the words clearly and correctly.

If you notice any of these symptoms, you should get the person to a hospital immediately. The only way to reduce the negative consequences of a stroke is to help the person within the first hour

Even doctors sometimes can’t identify the reason for a stroke right away. If you notice any of these symptoms in your relatives or even a total stranger, call an ambulance and before they arrive, do as the dispatcher says.





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